Textpraxis Sonderausgabe # 1, Cover

Das digitalisierte Subjekt. Grenzbereiche zwischen Fiktion und Alltagswirklichkeit

Special Issue # 1

Edited by Innokentij Kreknin und Chantal Marquardt

How do digital technologies affect formations of the subject and their daily practices? This anthology focusses on this question mainly from a philological perspective in individual studies as well as in theoretical reflections. 

InnokentijKrekninChantalMarquardt

Which approaches and perspectives can be found in contemporary research regarding the subject and its corresponding practices, formations, cultures and orders? Which aspects of the digital have to be defined, and how do the categories of the subject and the digital fit together? The introduction presents essential positions from contemporary research on the subject, examines literary studies' possible contributions, and introduces this anthology's articles.

RaphaelBeer
Das Subjekt zwischen Erkenntnis- und Gesellschaftstheorie

The history of the modern subject is an eventful history. Once seen as an autonomous entity, it has since been declared dead. The theory of the subject oscillates between epistemology and social theory. The article questions the interplay between the subject and its environment: Is the subject capable of shaping itself or is it shaped by its environment?

ManuelScheidegger
Über Theatralität und die ästhetische Differenz des Digitalen

Which role do virtual actions play in the constitution of subjectivity? What does it mean to shoot someone in computer games, to live another (gender-)identity in chat-rooms or to practice in a flight simulator? Addressing current positions within subject theory and aesthetics, the article seeks to contribute to the philosophical clarification of digital subjectivity. It argues that virtual actions must be understood in reference to the paradigm of aesthetic theatricality. They are media signs that are experienced as actions. As such they offer us a unique potential to self-reflect upon one´s actions but at the same time put us at risk of identificational misreadings that may undermine one's self-identity.

RamónReichert
Praktiken der Selbstvermessung in digitalen Vernetzungskulturen

Apps and activity trackers significantly changed the field of bio-surveillance. Their feedback technologies facilitate not only issues related to healthy lifestyles, but also multiply social control. At the interface of digital media systems and information and communication technologies, they are a key factor in the datalization of our bodies. This article is concerned with the logic of digital activity and health monitoring, assessing its status in the context of practices of self-guidance in process-oriented negotiation processes.

KerstinWilhelms
Autobiographische Selbstpositionierungen im sozialen Netzwerk bei Fontane und Facebook

Kerstin Wilhelms analyzes the chronotope of the path of life in autobiographical texts and draws attention to structural analogies between Fontane and Facebook: Both the salon of the 19th century and social networks of the 21st century create network identities, which position themselves in an interdependent social framework. 

DietrichScholler

Media satire, like literary satire, subverts the familiar. Media satire and satirical authors question the seemingly familiar by distorting media dispositions and practices by the means of parasitic intervention. The paper discusses forms of this new media phenomenon using the French newsportal Le Gorafi as an example, and explores how these practices can be used to establish alternative or even counter-discursive practices of the self.

ElisabethMichelbach
Wolfgang Herrndorfs Blog und Buch »Arbeit und Struktur« zwischen digitalem Gebrauchstext und literarischem Werk

Arbeit und Struktur is a blog which author Wolfgang Herrndorf created after being diagnosed with a brain tumour as well as a book that was published a few weeks after his death. This article begins with the observation that these two states of the text correspond to different perspectives on the text itself: While the blog Arbeit und Struktur appears as a pragmatic text, the book is regarded as a literary work. The article assumes that the two media stage pragmatic and poetic signals in a different way. 

JannekeSchoene

One artistic strategy by director and artist Christoph Schlingensief was the (presumed) disclosure of the private. The contribution examines different forms of subjectivation in different kind of media, in his Tagebuch einer Krebserkrankung and his Schlingenblog. It seems that the negotiation of the subject takes place in a mode of openness and auto-fiction on one hand, and on the mode of visibility and publicity on the other. 

FrederikKiparski
Zur ›posture d’auteur‹ Éric Chevillards im Blog L’autofictif

Éric Chevillard drafts his blog L’autofictif as an anti-auto-fiction. The author picks up the discourse modell of auto-fiction, though undercuts it at the same moment, disappointing the attendant expectations. Chevillard creates with L’autofictif a place of playful auto-reflection, which, at the same time, by its status as a public »journal«, is aimed at public perception. By considering the extraordinary conception of his blog, this paper tends to trace the outlines of Chevillard’s »posture«.

ChantalMarquardt
Sami Ben Gharbia und Lina Ben Mhenni zwischen Selbstbeschreibung und politischer Partizipation

The paper investigates how subjects are discursively constituted in blogs and e-books of Tunisian Cyberactivists. The political blog as a possibility of direct reporting from a war zone becomes a medium of self-expression which additionally refers to other media formats (e-books, Facebook, printed publications) to constitute itself. The blog can therefore be seen as a media practice devoted to the expression and constitution of a subjective self-representation along the lines of the technique de soi in a political context. Furthermore, the blog also serves as a way of documenting, publishing and processing the experiences of the revolution.

ChristianeConrad von Heydendorff

With his debut novel Gomorra, seen as a non-fiction novel, the Italian journalist and author Roberto Saviano challenges genre borders. Besides historical facts, there is a conspicuously strong ›I who functions as a witness. With his work, Saviano becomes a bestselling author, a hero, but also a refugee. He, who wanted to unmask myths, becomes a myth himself. The central question of this paper is: How do literary creation and self-representation in new media are interwined?

AnneSchülke

The paper explores metaphors of (digitalized) subjects in visual art and literature. The 'audio walks' by artist Janet Cardiff  – as well as prose texts by writer Paul Nizon – are concerned with walking or marching subjects. The use of body and technology or an auto-fictional narrative draws attention to subjects that do not relate to any tangible or visible counterparts. They cannot be described as autonomous or stable, but moving.

StephanTrinkaus

Stephan Trinkhaus comments on Anne Schülke's contribution Metaphern für (digitalisierte) Subjekte: Wanderer und Marschierer bei Janet Cardiff und Paul Nizon and further explores forms of the digitalization of subjects.

Imprint

The special issue # 1 of Textpraxis. Digitales Journal für Philologie (2.2016) has been published November 1 2016.

Editors:

Innokentij Kreknin
Chantal Marquardt

Editorial Management: 

Matthias Agethen
Ina Batzke
Birte Fritsch
Irene Husser
Kerstin Mertenskötter
Janneke Schoene
Martin Stobbe
Levke Teßmann
Kerstin Wilhelms
Elisabeth Zimmermann

Reviewers:

Prof. Dr. Justus Fetscher (Mannheim)
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Erika Fischer-Lichte (Berlin)
Prof. Dr. Claudia Gronemann (Mannheim)
PD Dr. Wolfgang Lange (Bielefeld)
Prof. Dr. Christian Moser (Bonn)
Eva Reichelt
Prof. Dr. Claudia Stockinger (Göttingen)
Dr. Stephan Trinkaus (Düsseldorf)
PD Dr. Jutta Weiser (Mannheim)

Cover: Textpraxis

ISSN 2191-8236